|Flag - Coat of arms|
|Motto: Peace Unity Liberty|
|Anthem: Patriots of Micronesia|
|Capital - Palikir|
6°55′N 158°11′E / 6.917°N 158.183°E
|Largest city - Kolonia
||Official language(s) - English (national; local languages are used at state and municipal levels
||Demonym - Micronesian
||Government - DemocraticFederatedPresidentialRepublic
||President - Manny Mori
||Vice President - Alik L. Alik
||from US-administered UN Trusteeship
||Date - 3 November 1986
||Total - 702 km (188th)|
271 sq mi
|Water (%) - negligible
||2009 estimate - 111,000 - (181st
||2000 census - 107,000
||Density - 158.1/km (66th)|
|GDP (PPP) - 2002 estimate
||Total - $277 million (215th
||Per capita - $2,000 (180th
||HDI (2003) - n/a (unranked ) (n/a
||Currency - United States dollar (||Time zone - (UTC+10 and +11
||Summer (DST) - not observed (UTC+10 and +11
||Drives on the - right
||Internet TLD - .fm
||Calling code - 691
|| - GDP is supplemented by grant aid, averaging around $100 million annually (2002 estimate).
|| - 2002 estimate.
||The Federated States of Micronesia /ˌmaɪkroʊˈniːʒə/ (help·info) is an independent, sovereign island nation, made up of four states from west to east: Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae. It comprises approximately 607 small islands in the Western Pacific spread over almost 1,700 miles (2,700 km) longitudinally just north of the equator some 2,500 miles (4,000 km) southwest of the main islands of Hawaii and about 1,800 miles (2,900 km) north of eastern Australia, lying northeast of New Guinea, south of Guam and the Marianas, west of Nauru and the Marshalls, and east of Palau and the Philippines.
While the FSM's total land area is quite small, amounting to approximately 270 square miles (700 km), it occupies more than 1,000,000 square miles (2,600,000 km) of the Pacific Ocean. The capital is Palikir, the largest city Kolonia, both on Pohnpei.
Each of its four States is centered around one or more main high islands, and all but Kosrae include numerous outlying atolls. The Federated States of Micronesia is spread across part of the Caroline Islands in the wider region of Micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided between several countries. The term Micronesia may refer to the Federated States or to the region as a whole.
The FSM was formerly a part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), a United Nations Trust Territory under U.S. administration, but formed its own constitutional government on May 10, 1979, so becoming a sovereign state after independence was attained on November 3, 1986 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Other neighboring island entities, and also former members of the TTPI, formulated their own constitutional governments and became the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) and the Republic of Palau (ROP). The FSM has a seat in the United Nations.
|1 - History
||2 - Politics
||3 - Administrative divisions
||4 - Geography
||5 - Economy
||6 - Transportation
||7 - Demographics
||8 - Culture
||8.2 - Literature
||8.3 - Religion
||9 - Defense and foreign affairs
||10 - See also
||11 - Notes
||12 - References
||13 - Bibliography
||History of the Federated States of Micronesia
||The ancestors of the Micronesians settled over four thousand years ago. A decentralized chieftain-based system eventually evolved into a more centralized economic and religious empire centered on Yap.
Nan Madol, consisting of a series of small artificial islands linked by a network of canals, is often called the Venice of the Pacific. It is located near the island of Pohnpei and used to be the ceremonial and political seat of the Saudeleur dynasty that united Pohnpei's estimated 25,000 people from about AD 500 until 1500, when the centralized system collapsed.
European explorers—first the Portuguese in search of the Spice Islands (Indonesia) and then the Spanish—reached the Carolines in the sixteenth century, with the Spanish establishing sovereignty. It was sold to Germany in 1899, conquered by Japan in 1914, before being seized by the United States during World War II and administered by the US under United Nations auspices in 1947 as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
During World War II, a significant portion of the Japanese fleet was based in Truk Lagoon. In February 1944, Operation Hailstone, one of the most important naval battles of the war, took place at Truk, in which many Japanese support vessels and aircraft were destroyed.
On May 10, 1979, four of the Trust Territory districts ratified a new constitution to become the Federated States of Micronesia. Palau, the Marshall Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands chose not to participate. The FSM signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States of America, which entered into force on November 3, 1986, marking Micronesia's emergence from trusteeship to independence. The Compact was renewed in 2004.
||Politics of the Federated States of Micronesia
||The Federated States of Micronesia is governed by the 1979 constitution, which guarantees fundamental human rights and establishes a separation of governmental powers. The unicameral Congress has fourteen members elected by popular vote. Four senators—one from each state—serve four-year terms; the remaining ten senators represent single-member districts based on population, and serve two-year terms. The President and Vice President are elected by Congress from among the four state-based senators to serve four-year terms in the executive branch. Their congressional seats are then filled by special elections.
The president and vice president are supported by an appointed cabinet. There are no formal political parties.
In international politics, the Federated States of Micronesia has often voted with the United States with respect to United Nations General Assembly resolutions.
||Map of the Federated States of Micronesia
||Administrative divisions of the Federated States of Micronesia
||The four states in the federation are: