Pitcairn

Pitcairn

Pitcairn Phones - Pitcairn Find Phones in Pitcairn. Mobile Phones in Pitcairn.

Phones in Pitcairn

Pitcairn - Oceania Phones

Pitcairn

Pitcairn - Oceania Phones
Pitcairn Pitcairn - Oceania Phones - Pitcairn News
How to dial to Pitcairn? - Find Mobile Phones in Pitcairn - Mobile Codes
How to call to Pitcairn? - Dialling Codes of Pitcairn - Dial Code of Pitcairn.
Pitcairn Codes Area Codes in Pitcairn? City Codes of Pitcairn. - Prefix of Pitcairn. - How to dial to the cities in Pitcairn? List of City Dial Codes of Pitcairn. Pitcairn Phone Services. Find phones in the cities in Pitcairn.
Phone in Pitcairn - Pitcairn Phone Numbers Pitcairn Reverse Lookup. - Where can I find people in Pitcairn? Use the white pages section to find phone numbers, address, names. Locate people in Pitcairn.
Search in Pitcairn. Search phone numbers in Pitcairn . Find telephone numbers in the phone guides of Pitcairn.
Yellow pages in Pitcairn Yellow pages of Pitcairn. Locate in Pitcairn Business Directory. - Where to search business in Pitcairn? The list of yellow pages in Pitcairn can be used to find more information to locate for business and other professional services. Phone Numbers, Address and more. List with telephone numbers search services to find phone information about people or business.
White pages in Pitcairn White pages of Pitcairn. People Find. Where to find people in Pitcairn? How can I find people in Pitcairn? - How can I find people in Pitcairn? Use the list of telephones services to search phone numbers in Pitcairn. : Where to search phones in Pitcairn? - Use the list of mobile services to locate the phone operator and special dial codes for Pitcairn.
Maps of Pitcairn
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn, Henderson,
Ducie and Oeno Islands Pitkern Ailen
- -
Flag - Coat of arms
Anthem: "Come ye Blessed"
"God Save the Queen"
-
Capital
(and largest city) - Adamstown
Official language(s) - English, Pitkern
Ethnic groups - British, Polynesian, or (mixed
Government - British Overseas Territory
Sovereign - Elizabeth II
High Comissioner - Victoria Treadell
Mayor - Mike Warren
Area
Total - 47 km2
18.1 sq mi
Population
2008 estimate - 50 (223rd (last)
Density - 1/km2 (197th)
2.7/sq mi
Currency - New Zealand dollar (NZD
Time zone - UTC−08
Internet Domain name TLD - .pn
Calling code - 64
The Pitcairn Islands (pronounced /ˈpɪtkɛərn/ ; Pitkern: Pitkern Ailen ), officially named the Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands , form a group of four volcanic islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. The islands are a British overseas territory (formerly a British colony), the last remaining in the Pacific. The four islands – named Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno – are spread over several hundred miles of ocean and have a total area of about 18 square miles (47 km2). Only Pitcairn, the second largest and measuring about 2 miles (3.2 km) across, is inhabited.

The islands are best known as home of the descendants of the Bounty mutineers and the Tahitians (or Polynesians) who accompanied them, an event retold in numerous books and films. This history is still apparent in the surnames of many of the islanders. With only about 50 inhabitants (from four families as of 2010: Christian, Warren, Young and Brown), Pitcairn is the least populous and most remote jurisdiction in the world (although it is not a sovereign nation). The United Nations Committee on Decolonisation includes the Pitcairn Islands on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.

1 - History
2 - Politics
3 - Military
4 - Geography
5 - Flora and fauna
6 - Economy
7 - Demographics
8 - Culture and society
9 - Media and communications
9.1 - Radio
9.2 - Monday-Friday:
9.3 - Saturdays
9.4 - Sundays:
10 - Transport
11 - Gallery
12 - See also
13 - References
14 -
History
History of the Pitcairn Islands
-
The mutineers turning Bligh and part of the officers and crew adrift from the Bounty, 29 April 1789
The original settlers of the Pitcairn Islands were Polynesians who appear to have lived on Pitcairn and Henderson for several centuries. Although archaeologists believe that Polynesians were living on Pitcairn as late as the 15th century, the islands were uninhabited when they were discovered by Europeans.

Ducie and Henderson Islands are believed to have been discovered by Europeans on 26 January 1606 by Portuguese sailor Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, sailing for the Spanish crown, who named them La Encarnación ("The Incarnation") and San Juan Bautista ("Saint John the Baptist"), respectively. However, some sources express doubt about exactly which of the islands were visited and named by Queirós, suggesting that Queirós’ La Encarnación may actually have been Henderson Island, and San Juan Bautista may have been Pitcairn Island. [ 5

Pitcairn Island was sighted on 3 July 1767 by the crew of the British sloop HMS Swallow , commanded by Captain Philip Carteret. It was named after Midshipman Robert Pitcairn, a fifteen-year-old crew member who was the first to sight the island. Robert Pitcairn was the son of British Marine Officer John Pitcairn.

-
Geodesy Collection on Pitcairn Island
Carteret, who sailed without the newly invented accurate marine chronometer, charted the island at 25° 2’ south and 133° 21’ west of Greenwich, but although the latitude was reasonably accurate the longitude was incorrect by about 3°. This made Pitcairn difficult to find, as highlighted by the failure of Captain James Cook to locate the island in July 1773. [ 6 [ 7

In 1790, nine of the mutineers from the Bounty and Tahitian companions (six men, 11 women and a baby), some of whom may have been kidnapped from Tahiti, settled on Pitcairn Island and set fire to the Bounty [ 8. The wreck is still visible underwater in Bounty Bay. The ship itself was discovered in 1957 by National Geographic explorer Luis Marden. Although the settlers were able to survive by farming and fishing, the initial period of settlement was marked by serious tensions among the settlers. Alcoholism, murder, disease and other ills took the lives of most mutineers and Tahitian men. John Adams and Ned Young turned to the scriptures using the ship's Bible as their guide for a new and peaceful society. Young eventually died of an asthmatic infection. The Pitcairners also converted to Christianity; later they would convert from their existing form of Christianity to Seventh-day Adventism after a successful Adventist mission in the 1890s. After the rediscovery of Pitcairn, John Adams was granted amnesty for his mutiny.

Ducie Island was rediscovered in 1791 by the British Captain Edwards aboard HMS Pandora, while searching for the Bounty mutineers. He named it after Francis, Lord Ducie, a captain in the Royal Navy. It was annexed by Britain on 19 December 1902, and in 1938 it was formally incorporated into Pitcairn to become part of a single administrative unit (the "Pitcairn Group of Islands"). Henderson Island was rediscovered on 17 January 1819 by a British Captain James Henderson of the British East India Company ship Hercules . On 2 March 1819, Captain Henry King, sailing aboard the Elizabeth , landed on the island to find the king's colours already flying. His crew scratched the name of their ship into a tree, and for some years the island's name was Elizabeth or Henderson. Henderson Island was annexed by Britain and incorporated into Pitcairn in 1938. Oeno Island was discovered on 26 January 1824 by U.S. Captain George Worth aboard the whaler Oeno . On 10 July 1902, Oeno was annexed by Britain. It was incorporated into Pitcairn in 1938.

The islanders reported that it was not until 27 December 1795 that the first ship since the Bounty was seen from the island, but as she did not approach the land, they could not make out to what nation she belonged. A second appeared some time in 1801, but did not attempt to communicate with them. A third came sufficiently near to see their habitations, but did not venture to send a boat on shore. The American trading ship Topaz under the command of Mayhew Folger was the first to visit the island and communicate with them when they spent 10 hours at Pitcairn in February 1808. A report of Folger's find was forwarded to the Admiralty mentioning the mutineers and a more precise location of the island—25° 2’ S latitude, 130° W longitude [ 9—however, this rediscovery was not known to Sir Thomas Staines, who commanded a Royal Navy flotilla of two ships (HMS Briton and HMS Tagus) which found the island at 25° .4’ S (by meridian observation) on 17 September 1814. Staines sent a party ashore and wrote a detailed report for the Admiralty. [ 10 [ 11 [ 12

-
Church of Adamstown
Pitcairn Island became a British colony in 1838 and was among the first territories to extendvoting rights to women. By the mid-1850s the Pitcairn community was outgrowing the island and its leaders appealed to the British government for assistance. They were offered Norfolk Island and on 3 May 1856, the entire community of 193 people set sail for Norfolk on board the Morayshire , arriving on 8 June after a miserable five-week trip. But after eighteen months on Norfolk, seventeen of the Pitcairners returned to their home island; five years later another twenty-seven did the same.

Since a population peak of 233 in 1937, the island has been suffering from emigration, primarily to New Zealand, leaving some fifty people living on Pitcairn (December 2009: 45 islanders on Electoral Roll)

In 2004 charges were laid against seven men living on Pitcairn and six living abroad with sex-related offences dating back a number of years. On 25 October 2004, six men were convicted, including Steve Christian, the island's mayor at the time. After the six men lost their final appeal, the British government set up a prison on the island at Bob's Valley (Pitkern: Walley). The men began serving their sentences in late 2006, as of 2010 all men have served their sentences or been granted home detention status (Pitcairn News, 2010).

Politics
Politics of the Pitcairn Islands
Politics of the Pitcairn Islands takes place in a framework of a parliamentaryrepresentative democraticdependency, whereby the Mayor is the head of government. The territories' constitution is the Local Government Ordinance of 1964. In terms of population, the Pitcairn Islands is the smallest democracy in the world.
Military
The Pitcairn Islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, meaning defence is the responsibility of the Ministry of Defence and Her Majesty's Armed Forces.
Geography
Geography of the Pitcairn Islands
-
View of Bounty Bay
-
Map of Pitcairn Islands. Source:CIA World Factbook
The Pitcairn Islands form the southeasternmost extension of the geologicalarchipelago of the Tuamotus of French Polynesia, and consist of four islands: Pitcairn Island, Oeno Island (atoll with five islets, one of which is Sandy Island), Henderson Island and Ducie Island (atoll with four islets).

The only permanently inhabited island, Pitcairn, is accessible only by boat through Bounty Bay.

Henderson Island, covering about 86% of the territory's total land area and supporting a rich variety of animals in its nearly inaccessible interior, is also capable of supporting a small human population, but access is difficult due to its outer shores being steep limestone cliffs made of sharp coral.

The Pitcairn Islands were formed by a centre of upwelling magma called the Pitcairn hotspot.

The other islands are at a distance of more than 100 km (60 mi) and are not habitable.

-
Satellite photo of Pitcairn Island
Island or atoll - Type - Land area
(km²) - Total area
(km²) - Pop.
July 2008 - Coordinates
Ducie Island - Atoll 0.7 3.9* – - 24°40′09″S 124°47′11″W  /  24.66917°S 124.78639°W  / -24.66917; -124.78639
Henderson Island - Uplifted coral island 37.3 37.3 – - 24°22′01″S 128°18′57″W  /  24.36694°S 128.31583°W  / -24.36694; -128.31583
Oeno Island - Atoll 0.65 16.65* – - 23°55′26″S 130°44′03″W  /  23.92389°S 130.73417°W  / -23.92389; -130.73417
Pitcairn Island - Volcanic island 4.6 4.6 50 - 25°04′00″S 130°06′00″W  /  25.0666667°S 130.1°W  / -25.0666667; -130.1
Pitcairn Islands
(all islands) - –
43.25 62.45 50 - 23°55'26" to 25°04'00"S,
124°47'11" to 130°44'03"W
* Includes reef flat and lagoon of the atolls.
Flora and fauna
About nine plant species are thought to occur only on Pitcairn. These include tapau, formerly an important timber resource, and the giant nehe fern (Angiopteris chauliodonta). Some, such as red berry (Coprosma rapensis var. Benefica), are perilously close to extinction. The Pitcairn Islands are one of two places (the other being Mangareva) in the world in which the plant species "Glochidion pitcairnense" occurs (Pitcairn Islands Environment Management Plan, 2008).

In terms of fauna, an interesting and rare introduction is the Galapagos giant tortoise (Testudo elephantopus). The sole surviving tortoise, Ms T (also known as Turpen), was one of five, which arrived on Pitcairn between 1937 and 1951, brought to the island by Irving Johnson, skipper of the 96 foot Brigantine Yankee. Turpen usually resides at Tedside by Western Harbour. A protection order makes it an offence should anyone kill, injure, capture, maim or cause harm or distress to the tortoise (Endangered Species Protection Ordinance, 2004 revised edition).

The birds of Pitcairn fall into several groups. These include seabirds, wading birds and a small number of resident land bird species. Of 20 breeding species, Henderson Island has 16, including the unique flightless Henderson rail (Nesophylax alter); Oeno 12; Ducie 13 and Pitcairn six. Of the birds breeding on Pitcairn the best known are the Fairy Tern (Gygis alba), the Common Noddy (Anous stolidus) and the Red-tailed Tropic Bird (Phaethon rubricauda). The Pitcairn Island Warbler (Acrocephalus vaughani) or known by Pitcairners as a sparrow, is a native species, dark-brown above and yellowish to buff below. It use to be common throughout the island but was placed on the endangered status list in 2008 (see Pitcairn Reed-warbler).

Economy
-
Pitcairn Island as seen from a Globe view with other Pacific Islands
The fertile soil of the Pitcairn valleys (Pitkern: walleys), like Isaac's Valley on the gentle slopes south-east of Adamstown, produces a wide variety of fruits: including bananas (Pitkern: plun), papaya (paw paws), pineapples, mangoes, watermelons, rockmelons, passionfruit, breadfruit, coconuts, avocadoes, and citrus (including oranges, mandarins, grapefruit, lemons and limes); and vegetables include: sweet potatoes (kumura), carrots, sweet corn, tomatoes, taro, yams, peas, and beans. Arrowroot (Tacca leontopetaloides) and sugarcane are grown and harvested to produce arrowroot flour and molasses. Pitcairn Island is remarkably productive and its benign climate allows a wide range of tropical and temperate crops to be grown (Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC): Pitcairn Islands-Joint Country Strategy, 2008).

Fish are plentiful in the seas around Pitcairn, and Pitcairners love their fishing. Crayfish and a large variety of fish are caught for meals and for trading aboard passing ships. Almost everyday someone will go fishing, whether it is from the rocks, from a longboat or diving with a spear gun. There are numerous types of fish around the island. Fish such as Nanwee, White Fish, Moi and Opapa are caught in shallow water, while Snapper, Big Eye and Cod are caught in deep water and Yellow Tail and Wahoo are caught by trolling. A range of minerals have been discovered within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), which extends 370kms offshore and comprises 880,000 sq kms, including manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver and zinc (Commonwealth Secretariat Yearbook 2010: Pitcairn Economy).

The Pitcairners are involved in creating magnificent crafts and curios. Typical wood carvings include sharks, fish, whales, dolphins, turtles, vases, birds, walking sticks, book boxes and the famous models of the Bounty. Miro (Thespesia populnea), a dark, durable and beautifully grained wood, is preferred for carving. Islanders also produce exquisite tapa cloth and painted hattie leaves (Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Profile on Pitcairn Islands, British Overseas Territory, 11 February 2010).

The major sources of revenue, until recently, have been the sale of coins and postage stamps to collectors, .pn domain names, and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships, most of which are plying the United Kingdom to New Zealand route via the Panama Canal (Pitcairn Island Report prepared by Jaques and Associates, 2003 p.18). Trade is restricted by the jagged geography of the island, which lacks a harbour or airstrip, forcing all trade to be made by longboat to visiting ships. Occasionally, passengers from expedition-type cruise ships will come ashore for a day, weather permitting (Jaques, p.21).

Today Pitcairn exports its renowned honey to New Zealand and to the United Kingdom, where it is stocked in London by Fortnum and Mason and Partridges in Sloane Square. The honey has become a favourite of Her Majesty, The Queen and Prince Charles (Evening Standard, 8 January 2010 "I'll let you off, Mr Christian: you make honey fit for a queen"). The Pitcairners also export dried fruits including bananas, papaya, pineapples and mangoes to New Zealand (Pitcairn Islands Study Center, News Release: Products from Pitcairn, 7 November 1999).

The islanders live an extremely busy lifestyle. The island has a labor force of only 15 men and women (as of 2004) [ 13

Electricity on the island is provided by gas/diesel generators.

Demographics
Demographics of the Pitcairn Islands
The majority of the resident Pitcairn Islanders are the descendants of the Bounty mutineers and Tahitians (or Polynesians). Pitkern is a creole language derived from 18th century English, with elements of the Tahitian language. It is spoken as a first language by the population and is taught alongside standard English at the island's only school. It is closely related to the creole language Norfuk, spoken on Norfolk Island, because Norfolk was repopulated in the mid-19th century by Pitcairners. In September 2003, a baby was born on the island for the first time in 17 years (Pitcairn Miscellany, 2003). Another child, Adrianna Tracey Christian, was born on Pitcairn on 3 March 2007 (Miscellany, 2007). In February 2005, Shirley and Simon Young became the first married outsider couple in recorded history to obtain citizenship on Pitcairn. All of the Pitcairn Islanders are Seventh-day AdventistChristians. [ 13

-
Pitcairn residents
Culture and society
Pitcairn culture, like its language, is a mix of English and Tahitian (or Polynesian) influences. A successful Seventh-day Adventist mission in the 1890s was important in shaping Pitcairn society. In recent years, the church has declined, with only about eight islanders worshipping regularly, but most of them still attend church on special occasions. [ 14 The Sabbath is observed as a day of rest and as a mark of respect for observant Adventists.

The once-strict moral codes, which prohibited dancing, public displays of affection, smoking, and consumption of alcohol, have been relaxed in recent years. Islanders and visitors no longer require a six-month license to purchase, import, and consume alcohol (Pitcairn Island Government Ordinance). There is now one licensed cafe and bar on the island, and the Government Store sells alcohol and cigarettes.

Education is free and compulsory between the ages of five and 15. [ 15 All of the island’s seven children were enrolled in school in 2000. [ 15 The island's children have produced a book in Pitkern and English called "Mi Bas Side orn Pitcairn: My Favourite Place on Pitcairn".

Media and communications
Telephones: Pitcairn uses New Zealand's international dialing code, +64. Each and every building on the Island has a telephone for local and international calls (installed Sept. 2006, replacing a single wired party line
Radio: There is no broadcast station. Marine band walkie-talkie radios are used to maintain contact among people in different areas of the island. Foreign stations can be picked up on Shortwave Radio.
Amateur Radio: QRZ.COM lists amateur radio operators as Dave Brown (VP6DB), Terry Young (VP6TY, VR6TY and VR8TY), Meralda Warren (VP6MW), Betty Christian (VP6YL), Tom Christian (VR6TC), Brian Young (VP6BX) and the Pitcairn Island AR Club Station (VP6RAC). [ 16 Islanders keep schedules: 2200-2300 UTC most days of the week, Dave Brown VP6DB is on the air at 14.226.5 MHz and 14.247 MHz. 2330-0100 UTC on Tuesdays, Tom Christian VP6TC is on the air at 21.348 MHz, or at 14.181 MHz. 1700 UTC on Wednesdays, Betty Christian VP6YL is available at 21.325 MHz, 1700 UTC on Fridays, you might be able to speak with Tom Christian VP6TC at 21.248 MHz. [ 17
Television: There are 9 live English TV channels from satellite, CNN, Australia Network, BBC Kids, ESPN International, TVNZ One, TV2, TVNZ6, Boomerang tv network and TCM Movies; most homes have DVD-players to watch videos and now some have Blu-Ray players. Free-To-Air satellite dishes can be used to watch foreign TV.
Local Television: Paradise Television Network-private,
Internet: There is one Government-sponsored satellite internet connection, networked to all houses on the island providing 256kbps broadband. Pitcairn's country code (top level domain) is .pn .
Radio
Radio Pitcairn Islands the first radio station operated by Pitcairn Islands Media Corporation is located in studios and offices in Adamstown, Pitcairn Island. It operates one radio station on both AM and FM Bands under the name Radio Pitcairn Islands. It broadcasts in English and Pitkern island-wide. The signal can be found on 628MW on the AM band and 92FM (92.1,92.3 and 92.5) on the FM band.
Monday-Friday:
Morning:6:00am-9:00am
Afternoon:11:25am-2:30pm
Evening:5:00pm-10:00pm
Saturdays
Morning:7:00am-12:00pm
Evening:4:00pm-10:00pm
Sundays:
Afternoon/Evening:3:00pm-10:00pm
When Radio Pitcairn Islands is off air, Radio Australia and BBC World Service is broadcast.
Transport
The settlers of the Pitcairns all arrived by some form of boat or ship; the most famous was the Bounty, on which the mutiny occurred and which was burned in Bounty Bay.

Pitcairn Island does not have an airport or seaport; the islanders rely on longboats to ferry people and goods between ship and shore through Bounty Bay. The island does have one small harbor and launch ramp that is used to dock and load long-boats, but it is so small and the water so shallow that only small-craft can fit (Pitkern Ilan, David Evans, 2007).

To get to Pitcairn today, you can travel on board Pitcairn's new dedicated Passenger / Cargo supply ship chartered by the Pitcairn Island Government, the MV Claymore II , from Mangareva, Gambier Islands, French Polynesia. Mangareva itself is reachable by air from the French Polynesian capital Papeete (Lonely Planet South Pacific, 3rd ed. 2006, "Pitcairn Getting There" pp.429-30).

There is one 6.4-kilometre (4 mi) paved road leading up from Bounty Bay through Adamstown. On land, walking has historically been the way of getting around, but now all islanders drive all-terrain vehicles (i.e. quadbikes). Each adult on Pitcairn owns a HONDA 4x4 ATV.

Gallery
-

Bounty Bay in the 1970s

-

Pitcairn landing site

-

Pitcairn Island

-

Henderson Island shelter

-

Oeno

-

St. Pauls Point in west Pitcairn Island

-

Garnets Ridge, Pitcairn Island

See also
Terrestrial globe.svg Geography portal
Outline of the Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn History
Mutiny on the Bounty
Fletcher Christian, Bounty Mutineer
John Adams, Bounty Mutineer
Edward Young, Bounty Mutineer
Bounty Day
Norfolk Island
Pitcairn Geography
Adamstown, Pitcairn Island
Bounty Bay, Pitcairn Island
Henderson Island
Oeno Island
Ducie Island
Politics
Pitcairn Island Council
References
  • Oxford English Dictionary
  • 2010 article mentioning island
  • United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories
  • Diamond, Jared M (2005). Collapse: how societies choose to fail or succeed . New York: Penguin. p. 132. ISBN 9780143036555. OCLC 62868295. "But by A.D. 1606 … Henderson’s population had ceased to exist. Pitcairn’s own population had disappeared at least by 1790 … and probably disappeared much earlier."
  • Pitcairn Islands, "History of Government and Laws, Part 15" 30 September 2006
  • Hooker, Brian. "Down with Bligh - hurrah for Tahiti". Finding New Zealand . findingnz.co.nz/al/gal1_bounty.htm .
  • Winthrop, Mark. "The Story of the Bounty Chronometer". Lareau Web Parlour. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27 . web.archive.org/web/20070927005607/http://www.lareau.org/chrono.html
  • HMS Bounty
  • "Mutineers of the Bounty". The European Magazine, and London Review (Philological Society of London,) 69 : 134. January-June 1816 . books.google.co.uk/books?id=mOwRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA62#PPA134,M1 .
  • Staff. The Annual Biography and Obituary for the Year . , Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1831, Volume 15 "Chapter X Sir Thomas Staines" pp. 366-367
  • History of Pitcairn IslandHistory of Pitcairn Island, Pitcairn Study Centre.
  • Pitcairn descendants of the Bounty Mutineers.
  • ^ a b "CIA World Factbook - Pitcairn Islands". The World Factbook . U.S. Central Intelligence Agency . https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pc.html
  • "Turning Point for Historic Adventist Community on Pitcairn Island" 30 September 2006
  • ^ a b "Territories and Non-Independent Countries". 2001 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor . Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor (2002). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  • QRZ.COM Callsign Database
  • Contact Pitcairners
  • Search Wikimedia Commons - Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Pitcairn Islands
    Search Wikisource - Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Pitcairn .
    Official website of the Pitcairn Government
    Pitcairn Islands entry at The World Factbook
    Pitcairn Islands at Britlink
    Pitcairn Islands from the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office
    Wikimedia Atlas of Pitcairn Islands
    Coordinates: 25°04′S 130°06′W  /  25.067°S 130.1°W  / -25.067; -130.1

    v
    d
    e
    Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands topics
    Islands and settlement
    Adamstown (Pitcairn
    Ducie
    Henderson
    Oeno
    Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands
    Culture
    Flag
    Coat of Arms
    Anthem
    Pitkern
    Main topics
    Outline
    Geography
    History
    Politics
    Demographics
    Languages
    v
    d
    e
    British overseas territories and Crown dependencies
    Overseas territories
    Anguilla
    Bermuda
    British Antarctic Territory
    British Indian Ocean Territory
    British Virgin Islands
    Cayman Islands
    Falkland Islands
    Gibraltar
    Montserrat
    Pitcairn Islands
    Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
    South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
    Turks and Caicos Islands
    Locations of British overseas territories and Crown dependencies
    Crown dependencies
    Guernsey
    Jersey
    Isle of Man
    Sovereign base areas
    Akrotiri and Dhekelia
    includes Saint Helena
    Ascension Island
    Tristan da Cunha
    v
    d
    e
    Countries and territories ofOceania
    Sovereign states
    Australia
    Fiji
    Indonesia
    Kiribati
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Marshall Islands
    Nauru
    New Zealand
    Palau
    Papua New Guinea
    Samoa
    Solomon Islands
    Tonga
    Tuvalu
    Vanuatu
    Dependencies and
    other territories
    Australia
    Christmas Island
    Cocos (Keeling) Islands
    Norfolk Island
    France
    French Polynesia
    New Caledonia
    Wallis and Futuna
    New Zealand
    Cook Islands
    Niue
    Tokelau
    United Kingdom
    Pitcairn Islands
    United States
    American Samoa
    Guam
    Hawaii
    Northern Mariana Islands
    U.S. Minor Islands
    Chile
    Easter Island
    Fiji
    Rotuma
    Transcontinental country
    v
    d
    e
    Culture of Indigenous Oceania
    List of resources about traditional arts and culture of Oceania
    Art
    ahu
    Australia
    Austronesia
    Cook Islands
    Hawaiʻi
    kapa (Hawaiʻi)
    lei (Hawaii)
    magimagi
    Māori
    moai
    New Zealand
    nguzu nguzu
    Oceania
    Papua New Guinea
    reimiro
    tā moko
    tapa ["masi" (Fiji), "ngatu" (Tonga), "siapo" (Sāmoa), " ʻuha" (Rotuma)]
    tabua
    ta'ovala
    tattoo
    tēfui
    tivaivai
    Broad culture
    areca nut
    Kava culture
    kava, [" ʻawa" (Hawaii), " ʻava" (Sāmoa),"yaqona" (Fiji), or "sakau" (Pohnpei)]
    Lapita
    Māori
    Polynesia
    Polynesian navigation
    wood carving
    Geo-specific, general
    Australia
    Australian Aboriginal astronomy
    Austronesia
    Caroline Islands, - Pwo
    Chatham Islands
    Cook Islands
    Easter Island
    Fiji, -Lau Islands, - traditions and ceremonies
    Guam
    Hawaiʻi, - Lomilomi massage
    Kiribati
    French Polynesia's Marquesas Islands
    Marshall Islands, -Stick charts of
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Nauru
    New Caledonia
    New Zealand
    Niue
    Norfolk Island
    Palau
    Papua New Guinea
    Pitcairn Islands
    Sāmoa
    Solomon Islands
    Tonga
    Torres Strait Islands
    Tuvalu
    Vanuatu
    Wallis and Futuna
    Yap, -navigation, - Weriyeng navigation school
    Canoes
    Aboriginal Dugout
    Alingano Maisu
    Drua
    Dugout (boat)
    Hawaiʻiloa
    Hōkūleʻa
    Modern Hawaiian outrigger
    Māori migration
    Outrigger
    Polynesian sailing
    Proa
    Waka,-List of
    Walap
    Dance
    'aparima
    cibi
    fara
    fire dancing
    firewalking
    haka
    hivinau
    hula
    kailao
    kapa haka
    Kiribati
    meke
    'ote'a
    pa'o'a
    poi
    Rotuma
    siva
    Tahiti
    tāmūrē
    tautoga
    Tonga
    'upa'upa
    Festivals
    Australia's Garma Festival
    Hawaiʻi's Aloha Festivals, Merrie Monarch Festival, and World Invitational Hula Festival
    Fiji
    New Zealand's Pasifika Festival
    The Pacific Community's Festival of Pacific Arts
    Festivals in Papua New Guinea
    Languages
    by area
    v
    d
    e
    Languages of Oceania
    Sovereign states
    Australia
    East Timor
    Fiji
    Indonesia
    Kiribati
    Papua New Guinea
    Marshall Islands
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Nauru
    New Zealand
    Palau
    Samoa
    Solomon Islands
    Tonga
    Tuvalu
    Vanuatu
    Dependencies and
    other territories
    American Samoa
    Christmas Island
    Cocos (Keeling) Islands
    Cook Islands
    French Polynesia
    Guam
    Hawaii
    New Caledonia
    Niue
    Norfolk Island
    Northern Mariana Islands
    Pitcairn Islands
    Rotuma
    Tokelau
    Wallis and Futuna
    Transcontinental country.
    by category
    Languages of Oceania
    Literature
    v
    d
    e
    Literature of Oceania
    Sovereign states
    Australia
    East Timor
    Fiji
    Indonesia
    Kiribati
    Papua New Guinea
    Marshall Islands
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Nauru
    New Zealand
    Palau
    Samoa
    Solomon Islands
    Tonga
    Tuvalu
    Vanuatu
    Dependencies and
    other territories
    American Samoa
    Christmas Island
    Cocos (Keeling) Islands
    Cook Islands
    French Polynesia
    Guam
    Hawaii
    New Caledonia
    Niue
    Norfolk Island
    Northern Mariana Islands
    Pitcairn Islands
    Rotuma
    Tokelau
    Wallis and Futuna
    Transcontinental country.
    Music
    Austral Islands (French Polynesia)
    Australia
    Austronesia
    Cook Islands
    didgeridoo
    Easter Island
    Fiji
    Guam
    Hawaiʻi
    Kiribati
    Lali
    Māori
    Melanesia
    Northern Mariana Islands
    Micronesia
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Nauru
    New Caledonia
    New Zealand
    Niue
    Palau
    Papua New Guinea
    Polynesia
    Sāmoa
    Slit drum
    Solomon Islands
    Tahiti
    Tokelau
    Tonga
    Tuvalu
    Vanuatu
    Wallis and Futuna
    Mythology
    Australian Aboriginal
    Fijian
    Māori
    Melanesian
    Menehune
    Micronesian
    Oceanian legendary creatures
    Polynesian
    Rapa Nui
    Vanuatu
    People
    Indigneous Australian
    Austronesian
    Chamorro
    Chatham Islander (Moriori or Rekohu)
    Fijian
    Hawaiian (kānaka maoli)
    Māori
    Marshallese
    Melanesian
    Micronesian
    Negrito
    Norfolk Islander
    Papuan
    Polynesian
    Indigenous Polynesian (Mā’ohi)
    Rapanui
    Rotuman
    Samoan
    Tahitian
    Tongan
    Torres Strait Islander
    Religion
    v
    d
    e
    Religion in Oceania
    Sovereign states
    Australia
    East Timor
    Fiji
    Indonesia
    Kiribati
    Papua New Guinea
    Marshall Islands
    Federated States of Micronesia
    Nauru
    New Zealand
    Palau
    Samoa
    Solomon Islands
    Tonga
    Tuvalu
    Vanuatu
    Dependencies and
    other territories
    American Samoa
    Christmas Island
    Cocos (Keeling) Islands
    Cook Islands
    French Polynesia
    Guam
    Hawaii
    New Caledonia
    Niue
    Norfolk Island
    Northern Mariana Islands
    Pitcairn Islands
    Rotuma
    Tokelau
    Wallis and Futuna
    Transcontinental country.
    Not included: Oceanian: cinema, (indigenous) currency, dress, folkore, cuisine. Also see Category:Oceanian culture.
    v
    d
    e
    Polynesia
    Polynesian triangle
    Austral Islands
    Cook Islands
    Easter Island
    Gambier Islands
    Hawaiian Islands
    Marquesas
    New Zealand
    Pitcairn Islands
    Sala y Gómez
    Samoan Islands
    Society Islands
    Tokelau
    Tonga
    Tuamotus
    Tuvalu
    Wallis and Futuna Islands
    Polynesian outliers and
    peripheral cultures
    Anuta
    Emae
    Futuna
    Kapingamarangi
    Loyalty Islands
    Mele
    Nuguria
    Nukumanu
    Nukuoro
    Ontong Java
    Ouvéa
    Pileni
    Rennell
    Rotuma
    Sikaiana
    Takuu
    Tikopia
    v
    d
    e
    British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations
    Legend
    Current territory
    Former territory
    * now a Commonwealth Realm
    now a member of the Commonwealth of Nations

    Europe
    18th century
    1708–1757 Minorca
    since 1713 Gibraltar
    1763–1782 Minorca
    1798–1802 Minorca

    19th century
    1800–1964 Malta
    1801-1921 Ireland
    1807–1890 Heligoland
    1809–1864 Ionian Islands

    20th century
    1921-1937 Irish Free State

    North America
    17th century
    1607–1776 Virginia
    1610–1907 Newfoundland
    since 1619 Bermuda
    1620–1691 Plymouth Colony
    1629–1691 Massachusetts Bay Colony
    1632–1776 Maryland
    1636–1776 Connecticut
    1636–1776 Rhode Island
    1637–1662 New Haven Colony
    1663–1712 Carolina
    1664–1776 New York
    1665–1674 and 1702-1776 New Jersey
    1670–1870 Rupert's Land
    1674–1702 East Jersey
    1674–1702 West Jersey
    1680–1776 New Hampshire
    1681–1776 Pennsylvania
    1686–1689 Dominion of New England
    1691–1776 Massachusetts

    18th century
    1701–1776 Delaware
    1712–1776 North Carolina
    1712–1776 South Carolina
    1713–1867 Nova Scotia
    1733–1776 Georgia
    1763–1873 Prince Edward Island
    1763–1791 Quebec
    1763–1783 East Florida
    1763–1783 West Florida
    1784–1867 New Brunswick
    1791–1841 Lower Canada
    1791–1841 Upper Canada

    19th century
    1818–1846 Columbia District / Oregon Country
    1841–1867 Province of Canada
    1849–1866 Vancouver Island
    1853–1863 Colony of the Queen Charlotte Islands
    1858–1866 British Columbia
    1859–1870 North-Western Territory
    1862–1863 Stikine Territory
    1866–1871 Vancouver Island and British Columbia
    1867–1931 * Dominion of Canada 2

    20th century
    1907–1949 Dominion of Newfoundland 3

    Occupied jointly with the United States
    2In 1931, Canada and other British dominions obtained self-government through the Statute of Westminster. see Canada's name.
    3Gave up self-rule in 1934, but remained a de jure Dominion until it joined Canada in 1949.

    Latin America and the Caribbean
    17th century
    1605–1979 * Saint Lucia
    1623–1883 Saint Kitts (*Saint Kitts & Nevis)
    1624–1966 * Barbados
    1625–1650 Saint Croix
    1627–1979 * St. Vincent and the Grenadines
    1628–1883 Nevis (*Saint Kitts & Nevis)
    1629–1641 St. Andrew and Providence Islands 4
    since 1632 Montserrat
    1632–1860 Antigua (*Antigua & Barbuda)
    1643–1860 Bay Islands
    since 1650 Anguilla
    1651–1667 Willoughbyland (Suriname)
    1655–1850 Mosquito Coast (protectorate)
    1655–1962 * Jamaica
    since 1666 British Virgin Islands
    since 1670 Cayman Islands
    1670–1973 * Bahamas
    1670–1688 St. Andrew and Providence Islands 4
    1671–1816 Leeward Islands

    18th century
    1762–1974 * Grenada
    1763–1978 Dominica
    since 1799 Turks and Caicos Islands

    19th century
    1831–1966 British Guiana (Guyana)
    1833–1960 Windward Islands
    1833–1960 Leeward Islands
    1860–1981 * Antigua and Barbuda
    1871–1964 British Honduras (*Belize)
    1882–1983 * St. Kitts and Nevis
    1889–1962 Trinidad and Tobago

    20th century
    1958–1962 West Indies Federation

    4Now the San Andrés y Providencia Department of Colombia

    Africa
    18th century
    1792–1961 Sierra Leone
    1795–1803 Cape Colony

    19th century
    1806–1910 Cape Colony
    1816–1965 Gambia
    1856–1910 Natal
    1868–1966 Basutoland (Lesotho)
    1874–1957 Gold Coast (Ghana)
    1882–1922 Egypt
    1884–1966 Bechuanaland (Botswana)
    1884–1960 British Somaliland
    1887–1897 Zululand
    1888–1894 Matabeleland
    1890–1980 Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)
    1890–1962 Uganda
    1890–1963 Zanzibar (Tanzania)
    1891–1964 Nyasaland (Malawi)
    1891–1907 British Central Africa Protectorate
    1893–1968 Swaziland
    1895–1920 East Africa Protectorate
    1899–1956 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

    20th century
    1900–1914 Northern Nigeria
    1900–1914 Southern Nigeria
    1900–1910 Orange River Colony
    1900–1910 Transvaal Colony
    1906–1954 Nigeria Colony
    1910–1931 South Africa
    1911–1964 Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)
    1914–1954 Nigeria Colony and Protectorate
    1915–1931 South West Africa (Namibia)
    1919–1960 Cameroons (Cameroon) 5
    1920–1963 Kenya
    1922–1961 Tanganyika (Tanzania) 5
    1954–1960 Nigeria

    5League of Nations mandate

    Asia
    17th Century
    1685-1824 Bencoolen
    (Sumatra)

    18th century
    1702–1705 Con Dao
    1757–1947 Bengal ( West Bengal (India) and Bangladesh )
    1762–1764 Philippines
    1795–1948 Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
    1796–1965 Maldives

    19th century
    1819–1826 British Malaya ( Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore )
    1826–1946 Straits Settlements
    1839–1967 Colony of Aden
    1841–1997 Hong Kong
    1841–1941 Kingdom of Sarawak (Malaysia)
    1858–1947 British India ( India , Pakistan and Bangladesh , Burma)
    1882–1963 British North Borneo (Malaysia)
    1885–1946 Unfederated Malay States
    1888–1984 Sultanate of Brunei
    1888–1946 Sultanate of Sulu
    1891–1971 Muscat and Oman protectorate
    1892–1971 Trucial States protectorate
    1895–1946 Federated Malay States
    1898–1930 Weihai Garrison
    1878–1960 Cyprus

    20th century
    1918–1961 Kuwait protectorate
    1920–1932 Iraq 5
    1921–1946 Transjordan 5
    1923–1948 Palestine 5
    1946–1948 Malayan Union
    1946–1963 Sarawak (Malaysia)
    1948–1957 Federation of Malaya (Malaysia)
    since 1960 Akrotiri and Dhekelia (before as part of Cyprus)
    since 1965 British Indian Ocean Territory

    5League of Nations mandate

    Oceania
    18th century
    1788–1901 New South Wales

    19th century
    1803–1901 Van Diemen's Land/Tasmania
    1807–1863 Auckland Islands 6
    1824–1980 New Hebrides (Vanuatu)
    1824–1901 Queensland
    1829–1901 Swan River Colony/Western Australia
    1836–1901 South Australia
    since 1838 Pitcairn Islands
    1841–1907 Colony of New Zealand
    1851–1901 Victoria
    1874–1970 Fiji 7
    1877–1976 British Western Pacific Territories
    1884–1949 Territory of Papua
    1888–1965 Cook Islands 6
    1889–1948 Union Islands (Tokelau) 6
    1892–1979 Gilbert and Ellice Islands 8
    1893–1978 British Solomon Islands 9

    20th century
    1900–1970 Tonga (protected state)
    1900–1974 Niue 6
    1901–1942 * Commonwealth of Australia
    1907–1953 * Dominion of New Zealand
    1919–1942 Nauru
    1945–1968 Nauru
    1919–1949 Territory of New Guinea
    1949–1975 Territory of Papua and New Guinea 10

    6Now part of the * Realm of New Zealand
    7Suspended member
    8Now Kiribati and * Tuvalu
    9Now the * Solomon Islands
    10Now * Papua New Guinea

    Antarctica and South Atlantic
    17th century
    since 1659 St. Helena

    19th century
    since 1815 Ascension Island 11
    since 1816 Tristan da Cunha 11
    since 1833 Falkland Islands 12

    20th century
    since 1908 British Antarctic Territory 13
    since 1908 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 12, 13

    11Dependencies of St. Helena since 1922 (Ascension Island) and 1938 (Tristan da Cunha)
    12Occupied by Argentina during the Falklands War of April–June 1982
    13Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands)

    References from: Pitcairn_Islands from Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
    Languages
  • Acèh
  • Anglo-Saxon
  • العربية
  • Aragonés
  • Arpetan
  • Bân-lâm-gú
  • Беларуская (тарашкевіца)
  • Bosanski
  • Brezhoneg
  • Български
  • Català
  • Česky
  • Cymraeg
  • Dansk
  • Deutsch
  • ދިވެހިބަސް
  • Eesti
  • Ελληνικά
  • Español
  • Esperanto
  • Estremeñu
  • Euskara
  • فارسی
  • Français
  • Gaelg
  • Galego
  • 한국어
  • Hrvatski
  • Ido
  • ইমার ঠার/বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী
  • Bahasa Indonesia
  • Íslenska
  • Italiano
  • עברית
  • Basa Jawa
  • Kapampangan
  • ქართული
  • Kernewek
  • Kiswahili
  • Latina
  • Latviešu
  • Lëtzebuergesch
  • Lietuvių
  • Magyar
  • Македонски
  • मराठी
  • Nederlands
  • 日本語
  • Norfuk / Pitkern
  • ‪Norsk (bokmål)‬
  • ‪Norsk (nynorsk)‬
  • Polski
  • Português
  • Română
  • Русский
  • Sámegiella
  • Sicilianu
  • Simple English
  • Slovenčina
  • Slovenščina
  • Српски / Srpski
  • Srpskohrvatski / Српскохрватски
  • Suomi
  • Svenska
  • தமிழ்
  • తెలుగు
  • ไทย
  • Türkçe
  • Українська
  • Võro
  • Winaray
  • Wolof
  • ייִדיש
  • Yorùbá
  • 中文
  • pitcairn Islands Oceania 2017