American Samoa

American Samoa

American Samoa

American Samoa - Find Mobile Phones, Internet. Country Code
Internet Domain name TLD : .as
Calling code : +1-684
American Samoa / Amerika Sāmoa / Sāmoa Amelika
Flag - Coat of arms  - -  -
Motto :"Samoa, Muamua Le Atua" (Samoan) = "Samoa, Let God Be First"
Anthem :The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa
 -
Capital - Pago Pago (de facto), Fagatogo (seat of government)
Official language(s) : English, Samoan
Demonym : American Samoan
Government
Head of State - Barack Obama (D
Governor - Togiola Tulafono (D
Lieutenant Governor - Ipulasi Aitofele Sunia (D
Unincorporated territory of the United States
Tripartite Convention - 1899
Deed of Cession of Tutuila - 1900
Deed of Cession of Manu'a - 1904
Annexation of Swains Island - 1925
Area Total - 199 km (212th) 76.83 sq mi Water (%) - 0
Population 2009 estimate - 65,628 (196) 2000 census - 57,291 Density - 326/km (35th) 914/sq mi
Currency - US dollar (USD)
Time zone - (UTC -11) Summer (DST) - not observed (UTC)
- Fagatogo is identified as the seat of government.  -
Map of American Samoa.  -
Coastline of American Samoa.
American Samoa - (Samoan :Amerika Sāmoa or Sāmoa Amelika ) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of the sovereign state of Samoa (formerly known as Western Samoa). The main (largest and most populous) island is Tutuila, with the Manuʻ a Islands, Rose Atoll, and Swains Island also included in the territory.

American Samoa is part of the Samoan Islands chain, located west of the Cook Islands, north of Tonga, and some 300 miles (500 km) south of Tokelau. To the west are the islands of the Wallis and Futuna group. The 2000 census showed a total population of 57,291. The total land area is 200.22 km (77 sq mi), slightly more than Washington, D.C. American Samoa is the southernmost territory of the United States.

Country data and History
 -
First Lady Mary Tulafono and Governor Togiola Tulafono.
Politics of American Samoa takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic dependency, whereby the Governor is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. American Samoa is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States, administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior. Its constitution was ratified in 1966 and came into effect in 1967. Executive power is exercised by the governor. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of the legislature. The American political parties (Republican and Democratic) exist in American Samoa, but few politicians are aligned with the parties. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

There is also the traditional village politics of the Samoa Islands, the "fa'amatai" and the "fa'asamoa", which continues in American Samoa and in independent Samoa, and which interacts across these current boundaries. The Fa'asamoa is the language and customs, and the Fa'amatai the protocols of the "fono" (council) and the chiefly system. The Fa'amatai and the Fono take place at all levels of the Samoan body politic, from the family, to the village, to the region, to national matters.

The "matai" (chiefs) are elected by consensus within the fono of the extended family and village(s) concerned. The matai and the fono (which is itself made of matai) decide on distribution of family exchanges and tenancy of communal lands. The majority of lands in American Samoa and independent Samoa are communal. A matai can represent a small family group or a great extended family that reaches across islands, and to both American Samoa and independent Samoa.



Nationality

People born in American Samoa — including those born on Swains Island — are American nationals,10 - but are not American citizens unless one of their parents is a U.S. citizen. As U.S. nationals, American Samoans may not vote in U.S. presidential elections.10 - However, American Samoans are entitled to free and unrestricted entry into the United States.1

Samoans are entitled to elect one non-voting delegate to the United States House of Representatives.10 - Their delegate since 1989 has been Democrat Eni Fa'aua'a Hunkin Faleomavaega, Jr. They also send delegates to the Democratic and Republican National Conventions.


Administrative divisions
Administrative divisions of American Samoa
American Samoa is administratively divided into three districts and two "unorganized" atolls. The districts and unorganized atolls are subdivided into 74 villages. Pago Pago—the capital of American Samoa 11 - -- is one of the largest villages and is located on the eastern side of Tutuila island in Ma'oputasi County district #9. Fagatogo is listed in the Constitution of American Samoa as the official seat of government, but it is not the capital.12 - 13 - 14 -

Geography  - A view of one of American Samoa's beaches in Ofu-Olosega. Geography of American Samoa. American Samoa, located within the geographical region of Oceania, is one of only two possessions of the United States in the Southern Hemisphere, the other being Jarvis Island. Its total land area is 76.8 square miles (199 km²) -- slightly larger than Washington, D.C. -- consisting of five rugged, volcanic islands and two coral atolls.

Due to its positioning in the South Pacific Ocean, it is frequently hit by typhoons between December and March. Rose Atoll, located in American Samoa, is the southernmost point in the territory of the United States. American Samoa is home to the National Park of American Samoa.


Official protest to naming of neighboring Samoa - The United States Department of State background Note web page for neighboring Samoa notes that "in July 1997 the Constitution was amended to change the country's name from Western Samoa to Samoa (officially the "Independent State of Samoa"). Western Samoa had been known simply as Samoa in the United Nations since joining the organization in 1976. The neighboring U.S. territory of American Samoa protested the move, feeling that the change diminished its own Samoan identity. American Samoans still use the terms Western Samoa and Western Samoans." 15 -
Territorial claim by Tokelau nationalists. Swains Island is claimed by supporters of independence for Tokelau as part of that country. Swains Islanders and Tokelauans enjoy linguistic and cultural affinities. Tokelauans refer to Swains as Olohega. In 2006 and 2007, unsuccessful, United Nations -sponsored referenda on independence for Tokelau, currently administered by New Zealand, revived a dormant source of tension. The American and New Zealand governments are not concerned to pursue any change of territorial status over the Swains Island issue. However, the existence of a clause in a draft independence treaty espoused by United Nations -driven Tokelauan nationalists is a matter which will be a potential source of diplomatic tension.


Economy
Economy of American Samoa
Employment on the island falls into three relatively equal-sized categories of approximately 5,000 workers each:the public sector, the single remaining tuna cannery, and the rest of the private sector.

There are only a few federal employees in American Samoa and no active duty military personnel except members of the U.S. Coast Guard, although there is an Army Reserve unit.

The overwhelming majority of public sector employees work for the American Samoa territorial government. The one tuna cannery (StarKist and Samoa Packing (closed in 2009)) export several hundred million dollars worth of canned tuna to the United States each year. In early 2007 the Samoan economy was highlighted in the Congress as it was not mentioned in the minimum wage bill, at the request of the Samoan delegate to the United States House of Representatives, Eni Faleomavaega.

The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 has, since inception, contained special provisions for American Samoa, citing its limited economy.16 - American Samoa wages are based on the recommendations of a Special Industry Committee meeting bi-annually.17 - Originally, the Act contained provisions for other territories, provisions which were phased out as those territories developed more diverse economies .

In 2007, the Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 was passed, increasing minimum wage in American Samoa by $0.50 per hour in 2007 and another $0.50 per hour each year thereafter until the minimum wage in American Samoa equals that of the fifty states.19 - In response to the minimum wage increase, one of the two major tuna canning plants in American Samoa was shut down in 2009 and 2,041 employees were laid off in the process.


Demographics Demographics of American Samoa List of U.S. states and territories by population Historical populations Census - Pop. - - %± 1970 27,159 - — 1980 32,297 - 18.9 % 1990 46,773 - 44.8 % 2000 57,291 - 22.5 %
The population of American Samoa stands at about 65,000, of whom 95% live on the largest island, Tutuila.10 - 91.6% of the population are native Samoans, 2.8% Asian, 1.1% White, 4.2% Mixed, and 0.3% other;90.6% of the people speak Samoan (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), 2.9% English, 2.4% Tongan, 2.1%, other 2% other Pacific islander, with most people being bilingual. American Samoa is largely Christian (50% Christian Congregationalist, 20% Roman Catholic, 30% Protestant and other).11 - American Samoa is small enough to have just one ZIP code, 96799, and uses the U.S. Postal Service (state code "AS") for mail delivery.21 - 22 - The island contains 23 primary schools and six secondary schools, all of which are operated by the American Samoa Department of Education.23 - American Samoa Community College, founded in 1970, provides post-secondary education on the islands.

Culture Culture of American Samoa and Culture of Samoa - This section requires expansion. The culture in American Samoa is almost the same as that of Western Samoa (Upolu). The U.S. sovereignty distinguishes the civilization of American Samoa from the sovereign Samoa.24 -

Religion According to the World Christian Database, the population of American Samoa is 98.3% Christian, 0.7% agnostic, 0.4% Chinese Universalist, 0.3% Buddhist and 0.3% Baha'i.25 - As of 2010update - , the CIA Factbook showed the The religious affiliations of American Samoa as Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%.26 - As of 2010update - , the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints website reports membership in 1990 was 7,500, increasing to about 12,000 in 1994 but more than one in four American Samoans enjoys membership in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.27 -

Sports in American Samoa.
About 30 ethnic Samoans, many from American Samoa, currently play in the National Football League, and more than 200 play NCAA Division I college football. Pittsburgh Steelers safety Troy Polamalu, though born and raised in the mainland U.S., is perhaps the most famous Samoan currently in the NFL, not having his hair cut since 2000 (and only because a USC coach told him he had to) and wearing it down during games in honor of his heritage. The football culture was featured.

A number have also ventured into professional wrestling (see especially Anoa'i family). World Wrestling Entertainment has employed many members from the Anoa'i family, most famously Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson (who is also African American). However, with the recentupdate - releases of Eddie Fatu (who has since died) and Sim Snuka, adopted son of Jimmy Snuka, World Wrestling Entertainment does not currently have any Samoan wrestlers on its roster. Also in professional wrestling, a wrestler called Samoa Joe competes in Total Nonstop Action Wrestling.

American Samoa's national soccer team is one of the newest teams in the world. It also has the distinction of suffering the worst loss in international soccer history:they lost to Australia 31 – 0 in a FIFA World Cup qualifying match on April 11, 2001.

General Information and Updated References
Census Bureau News
Congressman Faleomavaega (23 March 2009). WASHINGTON, D.C.—AMERICAN SAMOA DEATH RATE IN THE IRAQ WAR IS HIGHEST AMONG ALL STATES AND U.S. TERRITORIES. Press Release . United States House of Representatives.
Tsunami Hits Samoa Island (2009/10/01) - Pacific tsunami warning
American Samoa Bar Association, Post Office Box 23, Pago Pago, American Samoa 96799
Districts of American Samoa. stats
state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1842.htm US State Department Profile on Samoa
FLSA section 205, "Special industry committees for American Samoa
Statement by the President Upon Signing the American Samoa Labor Standards Amendments of 1956
Faleomavaega Comments On Minimum Wage Bill Now Before Congress
Official USPS Abbreviations. United States Postal Service. usps.com/ncsc/lookups/usps_abbreviations.html.
Welcome to ASDOE Website
National Park of American Samoa – climate
Villages
Aasu
Afao
Afono
Agugulu
Alao
Alega
Alofau
Amaluia
'Amanave
Amaua
Amouli
Anua
'Aoa
Aoloau
Asili
Atu'u
Aua
'Au'asi
Aumi
Aunu'u
Auto
Avaio
Faga'alu
Faga'itua
Fagali'i
Fagamalo
Faganeanea
Fagasa
Fagatogo
Failolo
Faleasao
Faleniu
Fatumafuti
Futiga
'Ili'ili
Lauli'i
Leloaloa
Leone
Leusoali'i
Luma
Maia
Malaeimi
Malaeloa/Aitulagi
Malaeloa/Ituau
Maloata
Mapusagafou
Masausi
Masefau
Matu'u
Mesepa
Nu'uuli
Nua
Ofu
Olosega
Onenoa
Pagai
Pago Pago
Pava'ia'i
Poloa
Sa'ilele
Se'etaga
Si'ufaga
Sili
Taulaga
Tafuna
Taputimu
Tula
Utulei
Utumea East
Utumea West
Vailoatai
Vaitogi
Vatia
Islands
Tutuila
Aunu'u
Ta'ū
Ofu‑Olosega
Rose Atoll
Swains Island
Coordinates : Latitude: 14°18′S Longitude:170°42′W  /  14.3°S 170.7°W  / -14.3;-170.7
American_Samoa General Information and Updated References

American-Samoa

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